Temperature compensation of crystal oscillators using an Artificial Neural Network
Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillators (TCXOs) are widely used and well known frequency control products. Their performance has improved over the decades with the advent of newer and improved technologies. Evolution of the TCXO from resistor thermistor networks to modern polynomial generators has pushed TCXO temperature stabilities to nearly +/-100ppb deviation over the industrial temperature range of -40 to +85°C.
Even with these great advances, users always need tighter stabilities. This IEEE paper focuses on a new temperature compensation technique for crystal oscillators. Through the use of an Artificial Neural Network (ANN), temperature compensation of AT cut crystal oscillators can be achieved with better than +/-10ppb stability over the industrial temperature range (-40 to +85 °C). This is more than a 10 fold improvement over state of the art polynomial function generator compensation.
Details of the patent application can be found here